Gingival Diseases (Periodontology)
Gum disease occurs in almost every age group today for various reasons. Periodontology, one of the main branches of dentistry that deals with treating and preventing all kinds of problems related to the teeth, gums, and jawbone, has developed appropriate treatment methods to solve these problems over time. Most gum problems are due to dietary habits and harmful substances. Accordingly, gum disease can occur without proper oral and dental hygiene.
The main symptom of gum disease is spontaneous bleeding or bleeding when brushing teeth. Thanks to the science of periodontology, effective treatments have been developed to solve many gum diseases.
What are Gum Diseases?
After the gum specialist performs the exams, your gum problem will be determined. Depending on the disease’s symptoms and the examination results, the most appropriate treatment method is determined, and the procedure is applied. However, to apply these procedures, it is first necessary to determine what the gum disease is and what type of treatment should be applied.
The main periodontal diseases that are common today are:
- Chronic-Aggressive Periodontitis
- Gingival Abscess and Periodontal
Abscesses, etc. In addition to these diseases, some systemic diseases, blood diseases, metabolic and genetic diseases, etc., may occur and these can also cause gum problems. In such cases, joint treatment with a medical doctor is necessary.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Many different factors can be counted among the causes of gum disease. The main cause of the periodontal disease is bacterial plaques. On the other hand, many factors from dietary habits to neglecting dental and oral care are also listed.
The main causes of gum disorders are:
- Systematic diseases,
- Regular medication use
- Unhealthy eating and drinking habits,
- Stress, etc.
are extremely effective in causing gum diseases. In general, diseases that affect the body system can cause these problems. The presence of these diseases during dental treatment can complicate the treatment. Therefore, periodontal treatments should be performed by specialized dentists.
Major Symptoms of Gum Diseases
The first symptoms of gum disease include bleeding, which occurs spontaneously or when brushing the teeth. On the other hand, it is extremely important to correctly recognize such signals as the first sign of a problem in the gums.
The main symptoms of gum disease are:
- Bleeding that develops spontaneously or occurs when brushing teeth.
- Swelling, redness and tenderness.
- Bad breath
- Impairment of bite and chewing function.
- Gums moving away from the teeth.
- The recession of the gums, etc.
are among the common symptoms. Diagnosing gum problems early and eliminating them with the most appropriate treatment method is extremely important. For this reason, it is recommended to consult a specialized dentist even at the simplest signs of gum problems.
What are the treatments for gum problems?
There are many different methods for treating gum disease. Different treatments can be used depending on the patient’s problem. Depending on the degree and type of disease, surgical and non-surgical treatment methods can be used. In the case of progressive periodontal disease, surgical intervention is essential.
During the initial treatments, oral hygiene recommendations are made by cleaning the tooth and root surfaces.
- Surgical treatments
- Subgingival curettage
- Flap operation, etc.
The main treatment methods can be listed as the basic treatment methods in periodontology. If gum problems are underestimated, and the initial symptoms are ignored, much more serious health problems may develop over time. For this reason, gums, teeth, and oral health should never be neglected.
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